African Lion

Panthera leo

Unlike other cats, lions live in social groups called prides that consist of a handful of related females and their young and a coalition of two to three males. Males protect the pride and their territory, ranging up to 100 square miles, by roaring and scent-marking as they patrol the area.

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As the dominant predator on the African savannah, lions can take the largest prey of any other carnivore in the region. Working cooperatively as a team, the lions stalk and surround their prey, getting as close as they can before launching an attack. They are successful in only one of every four hunts.

Fact File

Species @ Risk Image
Species Survival Plan Image
where to see themWhere to see them: Africa
lengthLength: Male - 8.5 to 10 ft, Female - 5 to 6 ft
heightHeight: Male - Up to 4 ft, Female - Up to 3.6 ft
weightWeight: Male - 330 to 530 lbs, Female - 270 to 400 lbs
lifespanLifespan: Up to 18 yrs in the wild
ecological roleEcological Role: Predator
habitatHabitat: Savannah, woodland, and desert
dietDiet: Hoofed mammals, hares, small birds and reptiles
exclamationRisk Status: Species @ Risk (IUCN-Vulnerable)

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