Pan paniscus

Also called the pygmy chimp, the bonobo is slightly smaller than the common chimpanzee. Sharing more than 98% of its DNA with humans, the bonobo is our closest living relative. Like humans, bonobos live in family groups and are highly intelligent.

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They often stand upright on two feet as we do. Bonobos are capable of making and using tools, a characteristic that once distinguished humans from other animals.

  • Like other non-human apes, bonobos have longer arms than legs to make traveling in the trees easier.
  • Bonobos create and maintain social bonds through sexual behavior.
  • Breaking and folding branches, bonobos make nests in the trees to sleep in at night.
  • Bonobos suffer from the bushmeat trade, the poaching and selling of wildlife as meat.

Fact File

Species @ Risk Image
Species Survival Plan Image
pronunciationPronunciation: buh-NOH-boh
where to see themWhere to see them: Jungle Trails
heightHeight: 2.3 to 2.8 ft
weightWeight: 68 to 86 lbs
life expectancyLife Expectancy: 31 yrs
habitatHabitat: Tropical rainforest
dietDiet: Fruit, seeds, leaves, flowers, fungi, eggs, and small animals
exclamationRisk Status: Species at Risk (IUCN—Endangered)