Japanese Macaque (Snow Monkey)

Macaca fuscata

Japanese macaques live farther north than any other non-human primate. Also known as snow monkeys, they have adapted to live through harsh, snowy winters. Thick fur, huddling together, and taking baths in natural hot springs keep them warm. As fruits and other food become scarce, they turn to tree buds and bark for survival.

More info

  • Living in large troops, macaques learn and share information with each other, such as which foods are good to eat.
  • Macaques often groom each other to strengthen their social bonds.
  • Once they reach maturity, males will move from troop to troop, while females stay in the same troop their entire lives.


Fact File

Species @ Risk Image
Species Survival Plan Image
pronunciationPronunciation: muh-KAK
where to see themWhere to see them: Monkey Island
heightHeight: 1.5 to 2 ft
weightWeight: 15 to 25 lbs
life expectancyLife Expectancy: 18 yrs
habitatHabitat: Forest, mountains, and highlands
dietDiet: Fruit, insects, leaves, crops, and small animals
exclamationRisk Status: Species at Risk (U.S. Endangered Species List—Threatened)