African Lion

african lion

Unlike other cats, lions live in social groups called prides that consist of a handful of related females and their young and a coalition of two to three males. Males protect the pride and their territory, ranging up to 100 square miles, by roaring and scent-marking as they patrol the area.

White Lion

white lion

White lions are a rare color mutation of the African lion. They are not albino; they are leucistic, which is lack of dark pigmentation. They get their coloring from a recessive gene known as a color inhibitor. To produce a white lion, both parents must possess the recessive gene.  

Serval

serval

The serval rotates its huge ears to pinpoint the location of a faint rustling in the grass. Flushing a flock of birds into flight, the serval leaps several feet into the air, twisting and turning in a sort of aerial ballet as it bats birds to the ground with its paws.

 

Siberian Lynx

Cincinnati Zoo

The Siberian lynx is superbly adapted to getting around its wintry habitat. Wide and webbed paws help keep the lynx from sinking into the snow. Hair on the bottom of its paws prevents slipping and along with a thick coat of fur, battles the chilly climate.

Bobcat

Bobcat Mike Dulaney

Bobcats have relatively short but powerful front limbs, a flexible spine, and muscular hind limbs that work together to make them quick, agile, and strong. While they generally hunt animals much smaller than themselves, bobcats have been known to take down prey weighing up to 10 times their own body weight.

White Tiger

white tiger

The white tiger is not an albino. Instead, the white coat and icy blue eyes are simply a rare expression of recessive genes. Estimates predict that only one out of every 10,000 tigers will display the striking black and white striped pattern.

Southern Brazilian Ocelot

southern brazilian ocelot bill swanson web

An excellent hunter, the ocelot primarily hunts small rodents and also will take small deer, armadillos, reptiles, and other small animals. Though it can climb trees and even swim well, the ocelot spends most of its time hunting on the ground, as long as the habitat provides thick plant cover and abundant prey.

Snow Leopard

snow leopard

The snow leopard’s five-inch thick coat affords great protection from the cold. The coat also comes in handy as camouflage, helping the leopard blend in with the rocky terrain to hide from potential prey. Sadly, the beautiful coat also hinders the leopard’s survival, as poaching for the fur is one of its major threats.

Sand Cat

Cincinnati Zoo

The sand cat is equipped for desert life. Large ears radiate heat. Covered with hair, its footpads are insulated from the hot sand. During extreme heat, the sand cat cools off in a burrow. The sand cat does not need to drink often as it gets enough moisture from its prey.

Pallas’ Cat

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Similar in size to a housecat, the Pallas’ cat is a predator specialized to live in the mountainous regions of central Asia. Its preferred prey is the pika, a small rabbit-like rodent. While not an adept runner, the Pallas’ cat is an expert ambush predator.