CREW Rhinoceros Publications

CREW scientists make every effort to share their scientific discoveries about rhinos with both the scientific community and the general public. CREW scientists regularly publish their results in highly regarded peer-reviewed scientific journals. To raise awareness among the general public, CREW scientists work with local and national television and radio stations, journalists and newspapers in addition to providing project updates in the CREW Progress Report and annual CREW ReView publications.

Review Rhino Taxon Advisory Group’s Rhino Research Plan


Peer-Reviewed Scientific Publications

CREW scientists regularly publish papers in journals such as the Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Reproduction Fertility and Development, Zoo Biology, Reproduction and Theriogenology to name a few. Many of the full manuscripts can be found by searching the literature on PubMed. Below is a list of the most relevant rhinoceros papers published by CREW scientists.

Peer Reviewed Publications

Stoops MA, West GD, Roth TL and NP Lung.  2014.  Use of urinary biomarkers of ovarian function and altrenogest supplementation to enhance zoo breeding success in the Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis).  Zoo Biol. 33(2) 83-88.

Caprio JM, Stoops MA, Freeman EW, Clawson D and MW Schook.  2014.  Effects of management strategies on glucocorticoids and behavior in Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis): Translocation and operant conditioning.  Zoo Biol. 32(3): 131-143.

Hermes R, Göritz F, Saragusty J, Stoops MA and Hildebrandt TB.  2014.  Reproductive Tract Tumours:  the Scourge of Woman Reproduction Ails Indian Rhinoceroses.  PLoS ONE 9(3): e92595. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0092595

Roth TL, PR Reinhart, JS Romo, D Candra, Andriansyah and MA Stoops.  2013.  Sexual maturation in the Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis).  Zoo Biol. 32: 549-555.

Ganz, T, J Goff, K Klasing, E Nemeth and T Roth.  2012.  IOD in rhinos – immunity group report: Report from the immunity, genetics and toxicology working group of the international workshop on iron overload disorder in browsing rhinoceros (February 2011).  J. Zoo Wildl. Med.  43(3):  S117-S119.

Stoops, MA, HL Bateman, MK Campbell and TL Roth.  2011.  Attempted gamete rescue in a female Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis).  J. Zoo Wildl. Med. 42(4): 723-726.

Stoops, MA, JK O’Brien and TL Roth.  2011.  Gamete rescue in the African black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). Therio. 76: 1258–1265.

Plair, BL, PR Reinhart and TL Roth.  2011.  Neonatal milestones, behavior and growth rate of Sumatran rhinoceros calves (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) bred and born in zoos.  Zoo Biol.  30: 1-15.

Roth, TL, MA Stoops, TR Robeck, RL Ball, BA Wolfe, MV Finnegan and JK O’Brien.  2010.  Alkaline phosphatase as an indicator of true ejaculation in the rhinoceros.  Therio.  74: 1701-1706.

Stoops, MA, MW Atkinson, ES Blumer, MK Campbell and TL Roth.  2010.  Semen cryopreservation in the Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis).  Therio. 73: 1104-1115.

Brown, JL, AC Bellem, M Fouraker, DE Wildt and TL Roth. 2001. Comparative analysis of gonadal and adrenal activity in the black and white rhinoceros in North America by noninvasive endocrine monitoring. Zoo Biology 20:463-486.

Haffey MB, Pairan RD, Reinhart PR & Stoops MA. Urinalysis in three species of rhinoceros in human care (Rhinoceros unicornis, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis and Diceros bicornis). Accepted (March 2008) Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine.

O’Brien, JK and TL Roth. 2000. Post-coital sperm recovery and cryopreservation in the Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) and application to gamete rescue in the African black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). J. Reprod. Fertil. 118:263-271.

Roth, TL and CK Vance. 2007. Corticosteroid-induced suppression of in vitro lymphocyte proliferation in four rhinoceros species in human care. J. Zoo Wildl. Med. 38(4): 518-525.

Roth, TL. 2006. A review of the reproductive physiology of rhinoceros species in zoos. Int. Zoo Yrbk. 40: 130-143.

Roth, TL, MA Stoops, MWAtkinson, ES Blumer, MK Campbell, KN Cameron, SB Citino and AK Maas. 2005. Semen collection in the rhinoceros by electroejaculation with a uniquely designed probe. J. Zoo and Wildl. Med. 36(4): 617-627.

Roth TL, HL Bateman, JL Kroll, BG Steinetz, AF Parlow and PR Reinhart. 2004. Endocrine and ultrasonographic characterization of a successful pregnancy in a Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) supplemented with progesterone. Zoo Biol. 23:219-238.

Roth, TL, JK O’Brien, MA McRae, AC Bellem, SJ Romo, JL Kroll and JL Brown. 2001. Ultrasound and endocrine evaluation of ovarian cyclicity and early pregnancy in the Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis). Reproduction 121:139-149.

Steinetz BG, JL Brown, TL Roth and N Czekala. 2005. Relaxin Concentrations in serum and urine of endangered species: Correlations with physiologic events and use as a marker of pregnancy. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1041:367-378.

Stoops MA, DeChant CJ, Pairan RD, Campbell MK, Blumer ES, Bateman HL, Bond JB, Herrick JR & Roth TL. 2007. Development of techniques for successful artificial insemination in the Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). Proceedings of AAZV, AAWV, AZA/NAG Joint Conference. Knoxville, TN. 183.

Stoops MA, Pairan RD & Roth TL. 2004. Follicular, endocrine and behavioural dynamics of the Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) oestrous cycle. Reproduction 128: 843-856.

Stoops MA & Roth TL. 2003. Characterization of ovulatory and anovulatory estrous cycles in an Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). Biology of Reproduction Supplement 1 (68): 125.

Vance CK, Kennedy-Stoskopf S, Obringer AR and TL Roth. 2004. Comparative studies of mitogen and antigen induced lymphocyte proliferation in four rhinoceros species in human care. J. Zoo Wild. Med. 35(4):435-446.