Lions in Kenya The Cincinnati Zoo partners with the African Conservation Centre (ACC) in Kenya. ACC’s primary aim is to bring together the people and skills needed to build East Africa’s capacity to conserve wildlife. ACC is located in the South Rift Valley of Kenya, stretching from the Maasai Mara National Reserve through Amboseli National Park. More than 75% of Kenya’s wildlife lives outside of national parks, which makes the South Rift Valley one of the most spectacular wildlife areas on the planet. Rebuilding the Pride The Zoo provides funding to support Rebuilding the Pride, a community-based conservation program that combines tradition and modern technology to restore a healthy lion population while reducing the loss of livestock to lions in Kenya’s South Rift Valley. Local Maasai research assistants track the movement of both livestock and lions in an effort to understand seasonal movements and identify conflict hotspots. Some of the lions have been fitted with Global Positioning System (GPS) collars for better tracking. The collars transmit four locations a day to a central server, giving detailed information on the exact movement of the lions. Knowing where the prides are lets herders know where to avoid grazing their livestock. Photo: Samantha Russell The program also deploys a Conflict Response Team to mitigate any conflicts that arise between people and lions. When herders must move through areas with lions, they call on community game scouts to accompany them for extra protection. The team also helps find and rescue lost livestock that would have otherwise fallen victim to predation. Thanks to these efforts, lion populations are growing on the Olkirimatian and Shompole ranches. Once down to a low of about 10 known lions in the area, the population is now estimated to be nearly 70. The prides have been producing cubs and new lions are moving in from surrounding areas. Photo: Guy Western Earth Expeditions Each year, the Zoo, in conjunction with Miami University’s Project Dragonfly, leads an Earth Expeditions course titled Kenya: Wildlife & People in Integrated Landscapes. Up to 20 teachers, primarily from the United States, travel to the South Rift Valley to engage in community-based conservation in this dynamic landscape. This effort builds on the decades-long research of Dr. David Western, former head of the Kenya Wildlife Service, and the centuries-long research of the Maasai pastoralists, who have long co-existed with wildlife in an open grassland ecosystem populated by elephants, lions, giraffes, zebra, wildebeests, and a remarkable diversity of other species. With the rise of nontraditional lifestyles, private ranches, and fenced lands that prevent needed wildlife migrations, communities of the South Rift have recognized the need to understand the impact of these changes and to work together for a better future. Photo: Shasta Bray Lale’enok Resource Center The Zoo helps fund activities at the Lale’enok Resource Centre, which was constructed in 2011. In Maasai, Lale’enok means “place where information is brought and shared” and that is the purpose of this community-based resource and research centre. Owned by the Olkirimatian Women’s Group in the South Rift Valley of Kenya and managed in cooperation with SORALO and ACC, Lale’enok provides the local Maasai community with a forum to engage with partner scientists and conservationists to support both wildlife conservation and thriving livelihoods. Photo: Dave Jenike Community Resource Assessors and scientists conduct research to understand the interactions between people, livestock, wildlife, habitat, water resources and temperature, which are all key components of the ecosystem. Photo: Dave Jenike Community Game Scouts protect wildlife from poachers, deal with human-wildlife conflict and collect scientific data on biodiversity. Photo: Guy Western SORALO and ACC The Maasai people have coexisted with wildlife in southern Kenya for centuries. As a nomadic culture, the community makes decisions together and shares the landscape. People and wildlife migrate seasonally as necessary to meet their needs for food and water. Unfortunately, a growing population is creating pressure to subdivide the land and build fences, which puts the land, wildlife, and people in trouble. Leaders from 14 Maasai group ranches established SORALO (South Rift Association of Land Owners) to manage the sustainable use of their natural resources by integrating tourism, livestock development and other income generating activities to improve communities’ livelihoods. SORALO established community conservation areas on two group ranches, Olkiramatian and Shompole, which provide refuge for wildlife and serve as drought refuge for Maasai livestock. Photo: Anna CampbellMore Info SORALO and the Olkiramatian and Shompole group ranches invited ACC to help assess their conservation projects and to provide guidance in future management strategies. ACC initiated an integrated research program to understand the dynamic interactions between people, livestock, wildlife, habitat, water resources and temperature, which are all key components of the ecosystem. If research can identify the necessary criteria for people, wildlife, and landscapes to persist, then the community will be well-equipped to tackle current and future management concerns. Research is conducted both by local community members and resident or visiting scientists. Community Resource Assessors assist with ecological monitoring, livelihood surveys and land use assessment. Community game scouts play a crucial role in protecting wildlife by arresting poachers, rescuing wounded animals, protecting threatened animals and controlling human-wildlife conflict. Lions and Livelihoods Bracelets Our Lions and Livelihoods bracelets were made by Maasai women from the Olkiramatian Women’s Group in Kenya’s South Rift Valley. Revenue from the sale of these bracelets helps the Women’s Group provide tuition for local school girls and contributes to the operation of the Lale’enok Resource Center, a community center that helps support both wildlife conservation and thriving Maasai livelihoods. Bracelets are often sold at the Zoo’s Africa exhibit and in the Gift Shop. This partnership is supported by the Zoo’s Project Saving Species. Help Save Species. Donate to Saving Species Beaded bracelets, made by the Olkiramatian Women’s Group that manage the Lale’enok Resource Center in the South Rift of Kenya, are sold at the Africa exhibit and at the Gift Shop. These bracelets are an unchanging symbol of the Maasai – a tangible cultural icon and a means to maintaining healthy livelihoods. All proceeds from the sale benefit Maasai women.