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2 guam rails foraging

Guam Rail

Gallirallus owstoni

The brown tree snake hit the jackpot when it found its way onto the island of Guam – flightless, ground-nesting birds with no defenses against a snake.

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golden breasted starling in a tree

Golden-breasted starling

Cosmopsarus regius

Golden-breasted starlings exhibit cooperative breeding, where group members assist with nest-building and feeding the young.

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pigeon sitting on rock

Pigeon Guillemot

Cepphus columba

Using their wings as paddles and their feet as rudders, they dive more than 150 feet deep to the sea bottom.

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pied pigeon with chick

Pied Imperial Pigeon

Ducula bicolor

Pied imperial pigeons travel in flocks at dusk and dawn and are migratory birds.

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nicobar pigeon side view

Nicobar pigeon

Caloenas nicobarica

The colorful Nicobar pigeon has such a strong, hooked bill that it can crack open nuts that would require a hammer for a human.

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closeup of a masked lapwing

Masked Lapwing

Vanellus miles

The lapwing aggressively defends its nest during breeding season, dive bombing intruders or acting as if it has a broken wing to lure intruders away.

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masked bobwhite quail on a stick

Masked Bobwhite Quail

Colinus virginianus ridgwayi

The Zoo is helping the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service reestablish masked bobwhite quail populations in Arizona.

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major mitchell's cockatoo on rock

Major Mitchell’s Cockatoo

Cacatua leadbeateri

When the conditions are right and plenty of food is available, they breed.

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Magpie Goose

Anseranas semipalmata

It is also the only water bird that often forms a mating trio, one male with two females.

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Magellanic Penguin

Spheniscus magellanicus

Magellanic penguins wear the typical black and white tuxedo pattern, which is an adaptation called counter-shading.

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Laughing Kookaburra

Dacelo navaeguineae

The kookaburra is nicknamed the Bushman’s clock for its alarming calls at dawn.

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front view of a crested coua perched on a branch

Crested Coua

Coua cristata

The crested coua is a type of cuckoo bird.

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Common Eider

Somateria mollissima

A large sea duck, the common eider dives up to 60 feet deep to pluck clams, crabs and other animals off the sea floor.

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yellow rumped cacique sitting in a tree

Yellow-rumped cacique

Cacicus cela

The symphony of sounds emanated from a colony is truly remarkable, complete with fluting notes, cackles, clucks and wheezes.

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White naped pheasent looking for food on the ground

White-naped Pheasant Pigeon

Otidiphaps nobilis aruensis

Its long moaning coo, also uncharacteristic of a pigeon, carries a long distance through the forest.

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buff crested bustard in the grass

Buff-crested bustard

Eudpodotis ruficrista

The buff-crested bustard is named for a crest of feathers along the back of the male’s neck that are erected when displaying.

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white headed buffalo weaver

White-Headed Buffalo Weaver

Dinemellia dinemelli

White-headed buffalo weavers were named for their elaborate nests, which often have multiple compartments and tunnels, that they “weave” together using thorny branches.

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boat billed heron sitting on nest

Boat-Billed Heron

Cochlearius cochlearius

Roosting in the trees during the day, the boat-billed heron comes down at dusk to hunt.

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White-eared Bulbul

Pycnonotus leucotis

Usually seen in pairs or small flocks, white-cheeked bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds named for their prominent white cheek patches.

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white ibis by pond

White Ibis

Eudocimus albus

White Ibises stand out in the crowd with their reddish-pink legs and bills. Unlike larger herons who stalk their prey.

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